Literature Review Research Methodology

Literature Review Research Methodology-58
For our purposes, it helps to define the research literature as consisting almost entirely of two types of sources: articles in professional journals, and scholarly books in psychology and related fields.

For our purposes, it helps to define the research literature as consisting almost entirely of two types of sources: articles in professional journals, and scholarly books in psychology and related fields.

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They introduce a research question, explain why it is interesting, review previous research, describe their method and results, and draw their conclusions.

Review articles summarize previously published research on a topic and usually present new ways to organize or explain the results.

There are thousands of professional journals that publish research in psychology and related fields.

They are usually published monthly or quarterly in individual issues, each of which contains several articles.

The editor then decides whether to accept the article for publication, ask the authors to make changes and resubmit it for further consideration, or reject it outright.

In any case, the editor forwards the reviewers’ written comments to the researchers so that they can revise their manuscript accordingly.When a review article is devoted primarily to presenting a new theory, it is often referred to as a theoretical article.Most professional journals in psychology undergo a process of double-blind peer review.“ on collaborative memory is that the memory of groups is compared with that of individuals. group performance should not be compared with individual performance but rather with ‘nominal groups’ comprised of pooled, non-redundant data from the same number of people tested individually.” 8. Most research involving the Experimentally Induced Information methodology seeks to identify the influence of misinformation presented by one witness to another, and therefore the assumption is made that discussion between witnesses is a detrimental process. “While the misinformation effect is a well-established phenomenon, ‘what remains in dispute is the nature of a satisfactory theoretical explanation’ (ref.). Therefore, in order to understand why memory conformity occurs, we must draw from both cognitive research on memory and social research on conformity.In this section, relevant cognitive and social theories are discussed in order to (1) explain the occurrence of memory conformity and (2) describe factors that influence memory conformity.” 3.The issues are organized into volumes, which usually consist of all the issues for a calendar year.Some journals are published in hard copy only, others in both hard copy and electronic form, and still others in electronic form only.“Whilst biased guessing may account for the misinformation effect that occurs in some instances (refs.), research suggests that it is not the only reason for the occurrence of the misinformation effect. This suggests that the misinformation effect may be due at least partially to memory impairment, rather than just biased guessing.” 5.Sums up what has been learned from the review of the four current theoretical explanations. “Informational influence, biased guessing, and modification of memory may help to explain why memory conformity occurs when participants are tested individually, as they are in the studies presented in this thesis. The research presented in this thesis compares these alternative explanations to determine which best explains memory conformity in individual recall following co-witness discussion. “One way to determine whether memory conformity occurs because of biased guessing is to …” “Experiments described in this thesis (Studies 5-7) include a warning for some participants about possible misinformation in an attempt to determine whether participants report misinformation because of informational influence or memory change.” 7.The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify the appropriate approach for investigating the research question(s). “Approximately 77,000 individuals are arrested in the United States each year based primarily on eyewitness testimony (ref.). Given the pivotal role that eyewitness testimony plays in some trials, it is important to establish whether or not the jury’s faith in this testimony is warranted.” 2.

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