Neo Marxists have developed critical criminology which has attempted to incorporate labelling theory and Brake has used subcultural theory to explain the attraction of youth groups.
Assignment 2 – Using material from Item B and elsewhere assess the usefulness of Marxist approaches in explaining crime The traditional Marxist belief is a structural one as they see society as being based on a structure, this structure being determined and controlled by one of the two groups that they believe society is divided into.
For example poverty may mean that crime is the only way the working class can survive.
Crime may be the only way the working class can obtain the consumer goods they are encouraged by advertising to buy, resulting in utilitarian crimes such as theft.
The police used violence, under orders from their superiors, who in turn had the tacit approval of their political masters.
This scenario can also be applied, under Marxist theories, to any other so called deviant groups perceived by the authorities, or government, to be a threat, for example, black young male gangs, inner city groups, ‘new age’ travellers , immigrants, student protesters, and so on.
However they also say the ruling classes themselves are deviant, by committing crimes that protect their power and wealth.
Capitalist led governments turn a blind eye to this. He concluded that individuals in the police force, the business world and the local government, worked together to make money in gambling and prostitution, however, critics of Marxism would question how frequent this corruption was throughout the country and on its own, proves nothing without a lot more evidence.
Video by Mr Cline Psy Neo-Marxists are sociologists who have been influenced by Marxism, but recognise that there are problems with traditional Marxist explanations of crime and deviance.
They also seek to combine Marxism with other approaches such as interactionist approaches as they believe that traditional Marxism relies to heavily on the belief that Laws and Law enforcement is a tool of the Ruling Class to suppress the Working Class.