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Each number is the decimal (base-10) representation for an eight-digit binary (base-2) number, also called an octet.IPv6 uses 128 binary bits to create a single unique address on the network.
Typically, the IPv4 space allows us to have addresses between 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255.
However, some numbers in that range are reserved for specific purposes on TCP/IP networks.
IP addresses on a subnet have two parts: network and node. The node, also called the host, is an individual piece of computer equipment connected to the network and requiring a unique address.
Each computer knows how to separate the two parts of the IP address by using a subnet mask.
In the TCP/IP protocol, this unique identifier is the IP Address. IPv4 uses 32 binary bits to create a single unique address on the network.
An IPv4 address is expressed by four numbers separated by dots.Let’s use an example to illustrate just how wonderful DHCP is and how easy it makes all of our lives.RELATED: Imagine that a friend visits with their i Pad.Read on as we explore when you should, and shouldn’t, assign a static IP.Dear How-To Geek, After reading over your five things to do with a new router article, I was poking around in the control panel of my router.The vasty majority of modern computer networks, including the little network in your home controlled by your router, use DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).DHCP is a protocol that automatically assigns a new device an IP address from the pool of available IP addresses without any interaction from the user or a system administrator.A subnet is a smaller network of computers connected to a larger network through a router.The subnet can have its own address system so computers on the same subnet can communicate quickly without sending data across the larger network.Each device connected to the internet has a unique identifier.Most networks today, including all computers on the internet, use the TCP/IP as a standard to communicate on the network.