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From this total examination of the unchangeable environment comes the error and fear that is classically associated with tragedy.
Traditional subjects for tragedy were royal environment and war of achieving throne but now these subjects have no attraction for us.
Now these subjects look to us alien however today we have fear to lose position in society and to cause our ownself in the ocean of machines.
We see that he is concerned because he has flashbacks of when his life was much better. Willy measures his success with Biff's and we can see that towards the end of act one.
On page 33, we get a glimpse of his theory in one of his memories: "Be liked and you will never want. He agrees to see Howard (his boss) about the raise only after Biff promises to attempt to get his life back in order.
They say that the theme of Death of a Salesman is the little, man as victim and protagonist is too passive and too little to play the tragic hero.
Now we consider the other side where Miller himself and certain other critics are clarifying all these charges. Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded . We as readers have too often become one-sided on a particular topic and failed to consider other possibilities.He defines a tragic hero as one who attempts to "gain his 'rightful' position in his society" and in doing so, struggles for his dignity.Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman gives a perfect example of tragedy in the common man with the character Willy Loman, who, in his fear of being displaced, his struggle to fix his problems, and in his death as a plea for dignity, can be considered a modern tragic hero."...In our society anyone of us can become Willy Loman anytime.Miller says: Willy Loman has broken a law, without whose protection, life is insupportable and incomprehensible to him and to many it is the law which says that a failure in society and business has no right to live.At the end of the first act, we see that Willy has struggled to gain his position in the world through his son's popularity, now that he realizes he could never be a successful salesman again.Even Linda tries to convince the reader of Willy's effort when she explains to him about Biff, "I think if he finds himself, then you'll both be happier."(P 15) Willy then confronts Howard about his need for more money and reminding him of his once winning personality, "Howard, I never asked a favor of any man...So the concept that royal figures are necessary for tragedies should be changed according to the demands of time and age.Bentley says this play evokes pity but not terror and if we watch it carefully we notice that it arises both pity and fear because the play shows individual against the seemingly stable cosmos surrounding us.