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Increasing reliance on abstracting services, especially on those available electronically, means that the effective criterion for whether a publication format forms part of the established, trusted literature is whether it is covered by these services; in particular, by the specialised service for the discipline concerned such as Chemical Abstracts Service, and by the major interdisciplinary services such as those marketed by the Institute for Scientific Information.
The value of publication as a preprint or scientific report on the web has in the past been low, but in some subjects, such as mathematics or high energy physics, it is now an accepted alternative.
The actual day-to-day records of scientific information are kept in research notebooks or logbooks.
Click here to see a table that lists the various kinds of literature reviews that you may encounter in your research.
Scientific literature comprises scholarly publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and social sciences, and within an academic field, often abbreviated as the literature.
Articles are usually prepared at the end of a project, or at the end of components of a particularly large one.
In preparing such an article vigorous rules for scientific writing have to be followed.A scientific article has a standardized structure, which varies only slightly in different subjects.Although the IMRAD structure emphasizes the organization of content and in scientific journal articles, each section (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) has unique conventions for scientific writing style.Tertiary sources might include encyclopedias and similar works intended for broad public consumption.The status of working papers and conference proceedings depends on the discipline; they are typically more important in the applied sciences.Scholarly journals mainly publish articles that have been reviewed by a group of peers in whichever field the journal or article topic is written on.Knowing the importance of peer-reviewed articles can help you when you're doing research or thinking about becoming a professor at certain colleges and universities.Though peer review and the learned journal format are not themselves an essential part of scientific literature, they are both convenient ways of ensuring that the above fundamental criteria are met.They are essentially a means of quality control, a term which also encompasses other means towards the same goal.Usually an author or authors circumvent that problem by rewriting an article and using other pictures.Some publishers may also want publicity for their journal so will approve facsimile reproduction unconditionally; other publishers are more resistant.