Preservation Of Wildlife In Essay

Besides cells and tissues, gene banks also store plant seeds, sperms, eggs and embryos of numerous mammal species.Storing reproductive organs, such as ovaries and testes is also getting common with the advancement in science and technology.These gene banks are a store house of cells and tissues of scores of wildlife species that play an important role in agriculture and farming.

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Today, various species of animals are also being studied and researched upon to find cures to deadly diseases like cancers, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

If wildlife is not preserved today, there would soon be a time when human race would also be in great danger.

The natural habitats of animals and plants are being destroyed for land development and farming by humans.

Poaching and hunting of animals for fur, jewellery, meat and leather are other great factors contributing to wildlife extinction.

Each organism on this earth has a unique place in food chain that helps contribute to the ecosystem in its own special way.

But, sadly today, many of the animals and birds are getting endangered.Photo: The eco-system is all about relationships between different organisms connected through food webs and food chains.Even if a single wildlife species gets extinct from the eco-system, it may disturb the whole food chain ultimately leading to disastrous results.Many micro-organisms, bacteria, slime moulds, fungi and earthworms feed on plant and animal wastes, decomposing them and releasing their chemicals back into the soil, thus, replenishing it with nutrients which in turn, are taken up by roots of plants enabling them to grow and develop. These scavengers help remove the carcasses and dead bodies of animals thereby, keeping the environment clean.Just imagine a life surrounded with layers of dead bodies lying near us un-decayed and unrotten. The term ‘wildlife’ not only caters to wild animals but also takes into account all undomesticated lifeforms including birds, insects, plants, fungi and even microscopic organisms.For maintaining a healthy ecological balance on this earth, animals, plants and marine species are as important as humans.Many of the medicines such as aspirin, penicillin, quinine, morphine and vincristine have been derived from uncultivated plants.If we talk about the ancient medicinal system of Ayurveda, it has also been using extracts and juices from various plants and herbs to cure problems like blood pressure, diabetes and many other neurological problems since ages.Consider a simple example of a bee that is vital for growth of certain crops due to their pollen carrying roles.If bees get reduced in numbers, the growth of food crops would definitely lower owing to lack of pollination.


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