Students may write that they added two plus four because it said “$2 and $4” so they thought that it meant to add. Then, they subtracted $6 from $10 because it said the word “How much” and “Left” and that is how they came to answer of $4.
It is also important to encourage students to read the entire problem once through before they choose an operation.
Addition – To teach students how to use this strategy effectively, give them the following math problem and have them write down in their own words exactly how they would work through the problem.
Then, have students take turns reading their answers and how they got their answers.
Young students usually discover this strategy when they are learning their multiplication tables.
They notice that 2 x 4 is the same as 4 x 2, and so on.For example, if a student understands the single-digit process in adding 2 plus 2 to make 4, she most likely will be able to solve a problem that asks her to add 1 plus 1.Open-ended or loosely structured problems, on the other hand, are those with many or unknown solutions rather than one correct answer.In other words, in order to successfully find a solution to the problem, students will need both their reading and mathematical skills.Understanding how to choose an operation can be difficult for many students, especially for students who struggle with reading.This strategy involves deciding which mathematical operation students will use (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, or a combination of operations).When choosing a mathematical operation, students will need the ability to understand the literal meaning of the sentence, as well as understand how to express the meaning mathematically.Across content areas, the standards address problem-solving in the form of being able to improvise, decide, inquire, and research.In fact, math and science standards are premised almost completely on problem-solving and inquiry.Teach students that there is more than one way to get an answer, and this will help them to expand their thinking.Here are the teaching strategies that your students need in order to help improve their math problem-solving skills.