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Follow your style guide; if no guidelines are provided, choose a citation format and be consistent.FORMATTING TIPS: In this optional section, you can present nonessential information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the paper.While it's true that you'll eventually need to tailor your research for your target journal, which will provide specific author guidelines for formatting the paper (see, for example, author guidelines for publications by Elsevier, PLOS ONE, and m Bio), there are some formatting rules that are useful to know for your initial draft.
FORMATTING TIPS: In this section, you interpret your findings for the reader in relation to previous research and the literature as a whole.
Present your general conclusions, including an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the research and the implications of your findings.
Do you have any tables, graphs, or images in your research? Nothing is more frustrating to a reviewer than vague sentences about a variable being significant without any supporting details.
If so, you should become familiar with the rules for referring to tables and figures in your scientific paper. The author guidelines for the journal Nature recommend that the following be included for statistical testing: the name of each statistical analysis, along with its n value; an explanation of why the test was used and what is being compared; and the specific alpha levels and P values for each test.
That is, if you have too much data to fit in a (relatively) short research paper, move anything that's not essential to this section.
FORMATTING TIPS: Aside from the overall format of your paper, there are still other details to watch out for.The sections below cover how to present your terminology, equations, tables and figures, measurements, and statistics consistently based on the conventions of scientific writing. Generally, short forms can be used once the full term has been introduced: One way to ensure consistency is to use standard scientific terminology.You can refer to the following resources, but if you're not sure which guidelines are preferred, check with your target journal. versus Figure 2: taxonomy of paper keywords Although every journal has slightly different formatting guidelines, most agree that the gold standard for units of measurement is the International System of Units (SI). Here are some other tips for formatting units of measurement: When presenting statistical information, you must provide enough specific information to accurately describe the relationships among your data.FORMATTING TIPS: Some journals require a statement attesting that your research is original and that you have no conflicts of interest (i.e., ulterior motives or ways in which you could benefit from the publication of your research).This section only needs to be a sentence or two long.Angel Borja, writing for Elsevier publications, described the statistical rules for article formatting as follows: Remember, you must be prepared to justify your findings and conclusions, and one of the best ways to do this is through factual accuracy and the acknowledgment of opposing interpretations, data, and/or points of view.Even though you may not look forward to the process of formatting your research paper, it's important to present your findings clearly, consistently, and professionally.But how do you format your paper to ensure that every detail is correct?If you're a scientific researcher or co-author looking to get your research published, read on to find out how to format your paper.Cover Page On the first page of the paper, you must present the title of the paper along with the authors' names, institutional affiliations, and contact information. Bell Below the abstract, include a list of key terms to help other researchers locate your study.The corresponding author(s) (i.e., the one[s] who will be in contact with the reviewers) must be specified, usually with a footnote or an asterisk (*), and their full contact details (e.g., email address and phone number) must be provided. Note that "keywords" is one word (with no space) and is followed by a colon: Keywords: paper format, scientific writing.