Psychology Ethics Essay Questions

Some of the more important ethical issues are as follows: Whenever possible investigators should obtain the consent of participants.

They also need to know what it is that they are agreeing to.

In other words the psychologist should, so far as is practicable explain what is involved in advance and obtain the informed consent of participants.

Debriefing should take place as soon as possible and be as full as possible; experimenters should take reasonable steps to ensure that participants understand debriefing.

“The purpose of debriefing is to remove any misconceptions and anxieties that the participants have about the research and to leave them with a sense of dignity, knowledge, and a perception of time not wasted” (Harris, 1998).

Moral issues rarely yield a simple, unambiguous, right or wrong answer.

It is therefore often a matter of judgement whether the research is justified or not.Participants must be given information relating to: After the research is over the participant should be able to discuss the procedure and the findings with the psychologist.They must be given a general idea of what the researcher was investigating and why, and their part in the research should be explained.If they think it would be OK then it can be assumed that the real participants will also find it acceptable. However, a problem with this method is that there might there be a mismatch between how people think they would feel/behave and how they actually feel and behave during a study?In order that consent be ‘informed’, consent forms may need to be accompanied by an information sheet for participants setting out information about the proposed study (in lay terms) along with details about the investigators and how they can be contacted.Studies must now undergo an extensive review by an institutional review board (US) or ethics committee (UK) before they are implemented.All UK research requires ethical approval by one or more of the following: (a) Department Ethics Committee (DEC): for most routine research.participants should not be exposed to risks greater than or additional to those encountered in their normal lifestyles.The researcher must also ensure that if vulnerable groups are to be used (elderly, disabled, children, etc.), they must receive special care.In Britain ethical guidelines for research are published by the British Psychological Society and in America by the American Psychological Association.The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and psychologists themselves.


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