Puppy Mills Research Paper

She is also an independent researcher that focuses on animal ethics, companion animals and the Five Freedoms and public policy.Ivy and her husband share their home three cats, Catherine, Penelope Winnie and one dog Chloe.A number of small breeders feel that these restrictions can hamper the sport of breeding and possibly the advancement of certain breeds.

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However, according to the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), there is an estimated 176,088 dogs kept for breeding at USDA licensed facilities and approximately 1,075,896 puppies born in facilities each year.

HSUS estimates that there is an estimated 2.15 million puppies that are sold each year.

However, the majority of these breeders are either not properly licensed or are not required to be licensed because they operate on a smaller scale.

Since these breeders are not tracked by the USDA, it is nearly impossible to know exactly how many puppy mills are in the U. It is also close to impossible to learn exactly how many dogs are living in puppy mills as some breeders are not required to keep accurate records, or if the breeder is illegal, they will purposely not keep records.

Hopefully, this will help thousands of dogs suffering in puppy mills see a brighter day.

Ivy is an animal advocate that currently serves as a volunteer for Faunalytics, a council member of the American Sociological Association's Animals & Society section, a committee member for the Society of Animal Welfare Administrators and a Board member for the Animals and Society Institute.

In essence, the PUPS Act closes the so-called “Internet loophole.” Great! The loophole consists of breeders that sell puppies via the Internet, mail, or by phone, and who are not subject to the same regulations that govern traditional breeders.

This bill calls for high volume commercial breeders, which is any person who breeds more than four female dogs and sells the puppies online, by mail, or over the phone to be federally licensed and inspected on a regular basis in the same way as traditional commercial breeders.

However, the definition that I use is that puppy mills are “large usually filthy facilities that are usually found in rural areas, where puppies are bred in large numbers and usually sold to pet stores via brokers.” (Williams & De Mello, 2007) According to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) any breeder that owns more than three breeding female dogs and/or has gross sales over 0 per year is considered a commercial breeder.

However, this definition regulates breeders that sell directly to pet stores but does not cover Internet sales to individuals.


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