So, for example, the philosophical treatment of scientific knowledge does not proceed from a perspective different in kind from the very knowledge that is under examination.
Quine further argues that the most general features of reality can be examined through the use of formal logic by clarifying what objects we must acknowledge as real given our acceptance of an overarching systematic view of the world.
In pursuing these issues, Quine reformulates and thus transforms these philosophical concerns according to those standards of clarity, empirical adequacy, and utility that he takes as central to the explanatory power of empirical science.
One central theme from the history of Western thought concerns the relationship between philosophy and science.
Philosophy is often depicted as providing a set of general conditions that somehow support or validate the various claims made in the formal and empirical sciences.