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Instead of presenting everything that was done in the order in which it was done, a presentation should focus on getting a main message across in theorem-proof fashion — that is, by stating this message early and then presenting evidence to support it.
Identify two, three, four, or a maximum of five statements you can make to support your main message: These are your main points.Like scientific papers, oral presentations at a conference or internal seminar are for sharing your research work with other scientists.They, too, must convince the audience that the research presented is important, valid, and relevant to them.Papers can be forwarded in unpredictable ways and may be read many years from now, so they should be lasting and largely self-contained. students (in other fields) of one student's line of research.In contrast, presentations can have more specific purposes. To structure your presentation, you can print the form shown here and write your ideas for each component in the spaces provided.To this end, oral presentations — like papers — must emphasize both the motivation for the work and the outcome of it, and they must present just enough evidence to establish the validity of this outcome.Also like papers, they must aim to inform, not impress.Finally, close the presentation by indicating elegantly and unambiguously to your audience that these are your last words.The first few sentences and last few sentences of an oral presentation are particularly important because they shape the first and last impressions you make on your audience.Unless they are recorded or broadcast, presentations have a more clearly defined audience than papers: They address "the people in the room," here and now.The audience might still be diverse, but less so than for papers.