Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems.the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts.” …Ultimately, a well researched and written literature review accomplishes three goals.
Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems.the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts.” …Ultimately, a well researched and written literature review accomplishes three goals.Tags: Positive And Negative Impact Of Ecotourism EssayHow To Write A Biography PaperPoints On Sat EssayFreelance Essay WritingRelationship With Mom EssaysGood Transitions Compare Contrast EssaysExamples Of Creative Writing TopicsCiting In Research PapersDescriptive Essay Topics Beach
Option A is most often used when several pivotal studies with distinct contributions form the foundation of the literature review and deserve their own dedicated sections.
Option B, however, is more challenging to write because it depends on your ability to synthesize information effectively. Strategies for Writing a Literature Review: After finding / reading the relevant articles, proceed by: a) Organizing: The first step is to develop a framework for the review: this can be done by identifying the key articles or the key areas of knowledge (depending on the organizational structure chosen), and associating papers with specific areas of knowledge.
Sometimes, a combined approach is appropriate: one paper may contribute significantly to one area, although other papers might also add to knowledge in that area. This set of topics or papers should form the sections of your literature review; however, you’ll need to organize these topics logically, and develop transitions between the sections.
b) Summarizing: The second step involves identifying each article’s contribution to the area of knowledge.
Sums up what has been learned from the review of the four current theoretical explanations. “Informational influence, biased guessing, and modification of memory may help to explain why memory conformity occurs when participants are tested individually, as they are in the studies presented in this thesis. The research presented in this thesis compares these alternative explanations to determine which best explains memory conformity in individual recall following co-witness discussion. “One way to determine whether memory conformity occurs because of biased guessing is to …” “Experiments described in this thesis (Studies 5-7) include a warning for some participants about possible misinformation in an attempt to determine whether participants report misinformation because of informational influence or memory change.” 7.
Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis. “Whist it has been shown that in some circumstances many people tend to conform to the opinions of others, we also know that some people are able to resist conforming in some situations. This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are (1) in the situation, and (2) within the individual.” 8.
Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence (ref.) Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony (refs.).” , such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember (ref.). Reviews the chronological development of research in this area (an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best).
Because such ‘contamination’ is common to memory, understanding its effects enables greater knowledge of memory itself (ref.). Discusses one key paper at a time by describing its methods and key findings, but then identifies weaknesses in the method and/or limitations in the findings.
However, the distinguishing feature between the two explanations is that …” …
“Whilst biased guessing may account for the misinformation effect that occurs in some instances (refs.), research suggests that it is not the only reason for the occurrence of the misinformation effect. This suggests that the misinformation effect may be due at least partially to memory impairment, rather than just biased guessing.” 5.