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The author's analysis illustrates that Willy's "psychopathy" is an inevitable and consistent result of his constant dreaming about success and wealth using the wrong approach. The play deals with important aspects of American life, discovering and exploring the idea of the American dream. illy's fantasy is his own material success as a salesman, and the hope represented by his family. He cannot help but persist with these ideas and that is what sends him on a path headed for failure inevitably. "Outlines of Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy in the Poetics." 1999. He is desensitized as a result and he ends up feeling that there is nothing important enough for him in society and that it is pointless for him to go on living in such circumstances. [Read More] Willy treats Linda carefully, because he is always afraid she will find out about the affair. Brief overview of the play Miller's work Story Characters Obstacles Argument for tragedy Aristotle's definition Pro argument for tragedy Con argument against tragedy Own conclusions What the critics say Death of a Salesman as Tragedy This paper analyzes the play Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller.Knowing that he has failed himself and his family, Willy tried to compensate for this by holding strong to the belief that he will eventually prevail, that personality and charisma would save him and his family from poverty. Since its first appearance in New York in 1949 to its numerous worldwide performances since, Death of a Salesman has spoken to the apprehensions of middle-class workers internationally and their great effort for continuation in capitalist society. Myth Miller, Arthur (1915) Death of a Salesman and Modern American Drama. 154 Jacobson, Irving Miller, Arthur (1915) Death of a Salesman. The fantasy culminates in the success of his brother Ben, and in illy's regular references to himself as being "well liked" (Miller 30). Just like Oedipus was doomed by fate, illy is too doomed because of his inherent desire to achieve things that society puts out of his reach. "Family Dreams in Death of a Salesman." American Literature,47(2), pp. Accessed on : relives the painful memory, but does not accord it the same weight as Biff. He lies to her, which is extremely harmful to any relationship, and because he lies to her, he ends up lying to himself. Specifically, it discusses the definition of tragedy by Aristotle, and research if it is correct to label the play as a tragedy. Unlike illy, Ben seemed to care less for the opinion of others.
hile we do not operate in a world of nobility, we still have persons of great respect that speak for our groups and cultures. The perception of Willy on Beff's job is evident when he speaks about Biff's recent job as a farm hand with disdain. Even wishing eventually to start his own business, illy Loman is a startling figure insofar as his decline does not occur without a background of optimism and forward momentum. Howard, the man at his company who fires Willy, represents the cruel and unfeeling nature of the capitalist system Willy buys into for most of his life.
The modern argument wants to redefine Aristotle's definition but by doing so, it assumes that we are all only capable of the common life that illy experienced. He demeans the job without caring that it was a means where he would make an honest living. This is the crux of Miller's point though, that there is an illusory nature to the expectations of the American Dream. In Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman, the Lowman family finds it quite difficult to decode and differentiate between the real and illusion.
Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Willy Loman finally realized, to an extent, that he had been living a life of illusion and self-deception. But now his old friends, the old buyers that loved him so and always found some order to hand him in a pinch - they're all dead, retired. hen the past no longer serves as an adequate escape, illy resorts to complete fantasy in the form of Ben. [Read More] The example of illy coming home from a business trip bragging, "I'm tellin' you, I was sellin' thousands and thousands, but I had to come home" is classic living in a fake world behavior. Phelps, writing in Explicator (Phelps, 1995), is quick in his essay to point out that both Happy and Linda are living in a fantasy world. "Summary and Analysis." Bloom's Guides: Death of a Salesman. BIFF: Football THE WOMAN: (angry, humiliated) That's me too. Both Biff and Happy are shown throughout the course of Death of a Salesman to have a very careless attitude in regards to how they treat women.
Towards the end of the play he concludes that would be worth more to the family dead then alive, "After all the highways, and the trains, and the years, you end up worth more dead than alive." His son Biff has seen the truth about his father's self delusions much earlier then Willy. He used to be able to make six, seven calls a day in Boston. For illy, his long lost brother represents the ultimate realization of the American Dream. He represents the adventurer who makes a success through entrepreneurialism and audacity (Krasner 46). " Though critics such as Sheila Huftel characterize illy Loman's "fall" as only a fall from "an imagined height," it is nevertheless still a fall, which makes illy Loman, like Oedipus, a tragic figure. And Jacobson goes on to explain, poignantly, that illy's "fabrications create so extreme a polarization with his incapacities that an acceptance of failure - his own or Biff's - becomes impossible" (Jacobson 252). They believe somehow, through years of foggy illy-inspired interpretation probably, that Bill Oliver will not only give Biff a job, but also will "stake" biff to a business venture (Phelps 239). "Always liked me." His mom chimes in, "He loved you..thought highly of you Biff." That seems pretty unlikely…… New York: One of the only solutions that he had to this issue was to communicate with his family in order to have them see things from his point-of-view and to try to understand him. Exchange at the End of Act Two: THE WOMAN: I just hope there's nobody in the hall. They treat women like conquests, not as human beings.
hile illy is an excellent representation of the common man, he is not every man. It indicates that no matter the job he would have picked for himself, Willy would not have supported him unless it was the one that brought the glory and reverence to the Lamon family name (Magil 1365-1368). Rethinking the narratives of masculinity and emotion in the U. orking for somebody else's ideals and to line some other rich man's pockets his whole life, we find that illy has been exploited by the false promises…… This theme of reality versus illusion continues throughout the play, which in the end leads to the death of the protagonist, Willy Lowman.
Howard says: HOWARD: I think you need a good long rest, Willy... In this final scene with Ben, however, the viewer becomes aware of how much illy's mind is unhinged. [Read More] He can't let go of the idea that popularity and wealth are what are most important in a man. He explains to his boss, Howard, how he met a salesman when he was about 19, and admired the man's skills, and decided that sales was the very best job a man could have. He struck out on his own in Alaska in search of riches, while illy was more attracted to the idea of being a well-liked salesman.This causes clash between the two as Willy still believes that Biff will amount to something and Biff finally confronts his father about his low station in life and the fact that the two of them will always be nobodys. [Read More] References Bissessar Kevin "A Professor's Lecture on Death of a Salesman" Jun 19, 1997 accessed on 17-March-2003 at Susan "Understanding Death of a Salesman: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents," Greenwood Press, 1999 Phelps, Heldref Miller's Death of a Salesman, Journal article, H. Now he takes his valises out of the car and puts them back and takes them out again and he's exhausted. He drives seven hundred miles, and when he gets there no one knows him anymore, no one welcomes him. When he has to go to Charley and borrow fifty dollars…… Miller however indicates that this success is decidedly uncertain; pointing out the wishful fantasy that has completely overridden illy's ability to handle reality. illy has created very powerful ideas about what he wants his life to be and what he wants his sons lives to be. [Read More] Works Cited Bloom, Harold, and Benjamin Nelson. Even with the fact that Loman attempts to resolve things, he is unable to see the full picture and he is thus stuck in a position that provides him with very little advantages when compared to the state that he is previously in. In a flashback sequence, Linda complains that mothers have informed her that they are worried that Biff is rough with girls; Happy has slept with a number of the girlfriends and fiancees of the superiors at his place of employment.Willy developed the theory that if a person is well liked and is very good looking then doors, i.e. C Publications, 1995 Willy's "psychopathy," he explained, is a manifestation of his being "other-directed" -- or possessing a value system entirely determined by external norms…evidence that goes beyond normal human inconsistency into the realm of severe internal division" (3). And what goes through a man's mind, driving seven hundred miles home without having earned a cent? [Read More] Death of a Salesman In all of twentieth-century American drama, it is Arthur Miller's 1949 masterwork Death of a Salesman that has been lauded as the best American play. Throughout the play, this juxtaposition of fantasy and reality serves as symbol of illy's inner turmoil. But these ideas are part of what make illy who he is. "Benjamin Nelson on Miller's use of dramatic form." Bloom's Guides: Death of a Salesman. The detachment symptom occurs when Loman is both inclined to go through with the plan that he devised across his life and to change everything about himself in order to provide his family with a better authoritarian figure. He does so not because he is in love with these women but as a passive-aggressive way of getting back at the people who tell him what to do on a daily basis at work. [Read More] drama is tragic not only because of Willy Loman's suicide, but because he has left his family with nothing, and his sons with no hopes and abilities of their own.[Read More] References Bender, David, "Arthur Miller," San Diego CA: Greenhaven Press 1997, 5-6 Corrigan, Robert, "A Collection of Critical Esays" Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice hall, 1969 98-107 Miller, Arthur "Death of a salesman" New York, Penguins 1949, 10-13 Magil, Frank "Death of a Salesman: Master plots" Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem, 1976. Linda's comment, "We're free" (Miller 1054) seems to encapsulate the family's struggles and inner turmoil. The play is set up in the 1940s era when men in America were determined to be successful, not only in the pursuit of provisioning for their families, but also in living a life where they could indulge in luxury.1365-1368 Though he hated his father's beliefs and principles, iff inevitable became the victim of these misguided ideals, and like Willy, eventually became a failure. The Temptation of Innocence in the Dramas of Arthur Miller. Willy has died in a blaze of glory, utterly convinced he is doing the right thing, and perhaps that has made his last moments happier than they have been in years. In particular, the longing for materialistic accumulations possesses Willy.(Bloom) illy's interpretation of likeability is perfunctory -- he childishly hates Bernard because he thinks Bernard does not embody the qualities that he admires. Understanding Death of a Salesman: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. illy and Linda blame Biff's math teacher, not Biff, for their son's failure in school, while brainy, hard-working Bernard grows up to argue a case before the Supreme Court (Miller 111). In Miller’s essay “Tragedy and the Common Man,” he writes that classic tragic flaws are “not peculiar to grand or elevated characters,” (1). The Loman family, however, lacks these characteristics and appears more dysfunctional than functional. Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman" Perhaps no other play in American history has captured the essence of the nation's collective consciousness during a particular era than Arthur Miller's 1949 drama Death of a Salesman. The concept of the American Dream has been one of the fundamental beliefs of the American community since the country's inception. According to Willy, he has "gotta be at it ten, twelve hours a day. I don't know why -- I can't stop myself -- I talk too much" (Miller 24).illy's faith in his warped version of the American Dream leads to his psychological decline when he is unable to accept the incongruity between the Dream…… Biff and Happy never concoct honest schemes to earn money,…… A common man like Willy Loman can be every bit as much of a tragic hero as…… Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman is essentially a eulogy for the American Dream, killed by the dysfunctionality of American life. Presented predominately from the perspective of aging salesman illy Loman, this contribution to dramatic literature is at once absurd and tragic, with Miller employing several distinct authorial styles to tell the story of an increasingly senile Loman, who wavers between states of lucidity and fantasy throughout the narrative. The basic concept is fairly egalitarian in nature and states something to the effect that if an individual truly devotes themselves to improving themselves and their situation, then they will ultimately find prosperity through their hard work. Act I makes it clear that Willy's idealistic version of how to achieve success within capitalism involves get-rich-quick schemes rather than actual effort as well as…… The only character who gives complete and unwavering support to Willy throughout the play is his wife Linda. Biff is the most honest character regarding his father but that also causes his father to be enraged at his son, given that Biff often tells his father uncomfortable truths. When he brought them business, when he was young, they were glad to see him. He tells Willy that this is no time for false pride and that he should…… Death of a Salesman Linda: Are they any worse than his sons? And then when you feel better, come back, and we'll see if we can work something out.