However, a more specialized response is appropriate if sex offenders tend to commit principally sex offenses.
However, a more specialized response is appropriate if sex offenders tend to commit principally sex offenses.The purpose of this paper is to examine the critical issues in defining recidivism and provide a synthesis of the current research on the reoffense rates of sex offenders.Tags: Do My Homework AssignmentWord Problems For Solving EquationsEssay Writing For MoneyHow To Write A Great College Application EssayInteger Problem SolvingEssay Multiple Choice QuizEssays And Introductions 1961Critical Essay On The Things They Carried
The criminal justice system manages most convicted sex offenders with some combination of incarceration, community supervision, and specialized treatment (Knopp, Freeman-Longo, and Stevenson, 1992).
While the likelihood and length of incarceration for sex offenders has increased in recent years (since 1980, the number of imprisoned sex offenders has grown by more than 7 percent per year; in 1994, nearly one in ten state prisoners were incarcerated for committing a sex offense [Greenfeld, 1997]), the majority are released at some point on probation or parole (either immediately following sentencing or after a period of incarceration in prison or jail).
They may fear that reporting will lead to the following: These factors are compounded by the shame and guilt experienced by sexual assault victims, and, for many, a desire to put a tragic experience behind them.
Incest victims who have experienced criminal justice involvement are particularly reluctant to report new incest crimes because of the disruption caused to their family.
About 60 percent of all sex offenders managed by the U. correctional system are under some form of conditional supervision in the community (Greenfeld, 1997).
While any offenders subsequent reoffending is of public concern, the prevention of sexual violence is particularly important, given the irrefutable harm that these offenses cause victims and the fear they generate in the community.Practitioners must understand how these and other study variables can affect conclusions about sex offender recidivism, as well as decisions regarding individual cases.Sex offenders are a highly heterogeneous mixture of individuals who have committed violent sexual assaults on strangers, offenders who have had inappropriate sexual contact with family members, individuals who have molested children, and those who have engaged in a wide range of other inappropriate and criminal sexual behaviors.Marshall and Barbaree (1990) compared official records of a sample of sex offenders with "unofficial" sources of data.They found that the number of subsequent sex offenses revealed through unofficial sources was 2.4 times higher than the number that was recorded in official reports.For a variety of reasons, sexual assault is a vastly underreported crime.The National Crime Victimization Surveys (Bureau of Justice Statistics) conducted in 1994, 1995, and 1998 indicate that only 32 percent (one out of three) of sexual assaults against persons 12 or older are reported to law enforcement.If recidivism is determined only through the commission of a subsequent sex offense, researchers must consider if this includes felonies and misdemeanors.Answers to these fundamental questions will influence the level of observed recidivism in each study.The following sections summarize and discuss research findings on sex offenders, factors and conditions that appear to be associated with reduced sexual offending, and the implications that these findings have for sex offender management.Although studies on juvenile sex offender response to treatment exist, the vast majority of research has concentrated on adult males.