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Thus they cannot meet international standards of agricultural products and therefore are less competitive in local and international markets.
Wheat and barley are some of the first crops people grew.
People probably started agriculture slowly by planting a few crops, but still gathered many foods from the wild.
The role farmer in Pakistan is one that is respected as they are the ones who produce agricultural output for the entire nation, however their living standards and socio economic status has been deteriorating.
This decrease in income could be accounted for by the decrease in prices of agricultural products and an inelastic price and income elasticity of demand.
Agriculture and domestication probably started in the Fertile Crescent (the Nile Valley, The Levant and Mesopotamia).
The area called Fertile Crescent is now in the countries of Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, and Egypt.Farming is growing crops or keeping animals by people for food and raw materials. Agriculture started thousands of years ago, but no one knows for sure how old it is.The development of farming gave rise to the Neolithic Revolution whereby people gave up nomadic hunting and became settlers in what became cities.Hence the income of these farmers is insufficient to give them a suitable standard of living; most of them are hardly able to provide basic necessities to their family.Farmers in Pakistan are busy mostly all year round sowing seed and reaping crops, however recently many farmers have had to look for alternate ways to earn incomes as rain fed floods have destroyed many crops and livestock on which their income is dependent.Farmers in Pakistan should be aided by government policies and efforts to make farming an occupation which is desired and to encourage farmers to be dedicated to their work.This includes reclaiming land which has been claimed useless due to salinity by providing proper irrigation facilities, credit facilities should also be given to small scale farmers so they can adapt modern techniques and increase yield and income, the use of fertilizers, better quality seeds and plant production should be encouraged.This is the main reason their standard is lower than that of the cultivators in developed regions.Other issues these farmers face include water logging, Salinity of soil, uneconomical land holding size, scarcity of water for irrigation, land tenure system, soil erosion, lack of organized marketing and lastly pests and crop diseases.In sameway farmers are said to be backbone of India.If something will become to farmer then India will suffer many problems. An Indian farmer is very hard working and very busy throughout the year. He is engaged in tilling the soil, sowing the seeds, watering the fields, reaping and harvesting the crop and then taking it to the market to sell it. He is being exploited by the money-lenders and the middleman.