The gospels of Luke and Matthew describe Jesus as being born in Bethlehem to the Virgin Mary.
In Luke, Joseph and Mary travel from Nazareth to Bethlehem for the census, and Jesus is born there and laid in a manger.
All the major events of Christ's life, especially the passion, were celebrated on this date.
In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul mentions Passover, presumably celebrated according to the local calendar in Corinth.
Because gift-giving and many other aspects of the Christmas festival involve heightened economic activity, the holiday has become a significant event and a key sales period for retailers and businesses.
The economic impact of Christmas has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many regions of the world.Associating it with drunkenness and other misbehavior, the Puritans banned Christmas during the Reformation.It was restored as a legal holiday in 1660, but remained disreputable.A feast central to the Christian liturgical year, it is preceded by the season of Advent or the Nativity Fast and initiates the season of Christmastide, which historically in the West lasts twelve days and culminates on Twelfth Night; and forms an integral part of the holiday season centered around it.The traditional Christmas narrative, the Nativity of Jesus, delineated in the New Testament says that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, in accordance with messianic prophecies.Angels proclaimed him a savior for all people, and shepherds came to adore him.Matthew adds that the magi follow a star to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus, born the king of the Jews.The feast was introduced in Constantinople in 379, in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the fourth century, There are those who have determined not only the year of our Lord's birth, but also the day; and they say that it took place in the 28th year of Augustus, and in the 25th day of [the Egyptian month] Pachon [May 20] ...Further, others say that He was born on the 24th or 25th of Pharmuthi [April 20 or 21].King Herod orders the massacre of all the boys less than two years old in Bethlehem, but the family flees to Egypt and later returns to Nazareth.Christmas played a role in the Arian controversy of the fourth century.