Silk Roads Essay

If bridges, pipelines, and railroads are the arteries of the modern world, then China is positioning itself as the beating heart.Nevertheless, Lee Hsien Loong, the Prime Minister of Singapore, said that he and other leaders in the region embrace the benefits.

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he Silk Road was established during the Han dynasty, beginning around 130 B. Markets and trading posts were strung along a loose skein of thoroughfares that ran from the Greco-Roman metropolis of Antioch, across the Syrian desert, through modern-day Iraq and Iran, to the former Chinese capital of Xian, streamlining the transport of livestock and grain, medicine and science. Since 2013, it has loaned about forty billion dollars a year to developing countries, according to David Dollar, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.

In 2013, President Xi Jinping announced that the Silk Road would be reborn as the Belt and Road Initiative, the most ambitious infrastructure project the world has ever known—and the most expensive. When complete, the Belt and Road will connect, by China’s accounting, sixty-five per cent of the world’s population and thirty per cent of global G. Some analysts worry that China is delivering the money without the World Bank’s required protections for the environment and for people uprooted by major infrastructure projects.

Summer temperatures in the nearby Flaming Mountains can reach a hundred and twenty degrees Fahrenheit.

Rustem Imambekov sits in the locomotive of a train travelling to the city of Khorgos, which straddles the border between China and Kazakhstan. But thus far relatively few pioneers have come to the development, and parts of the city still feel like a ghost town.

“The Chinese are going to grow their influence,” he said, at a recent session of the Council on Foreign Relations.

“And this is one coherent framework within which the Asian countries—Central Asian, Southeast Asian, South Asian—can participate in this.” Like most Chinese official-speak, the phrase “Belt and Road” obscures more than it clarifies: the “belt” will be composed of land routes running from China to Scandinavia, the Iberian Peninsula, and the Middle East; the “road” refers to shipping lanes connecting China to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Africa.It is not possible to think clearly about the Silk Road without taking into consideration the whole of Eurasia as its geographical context. Trade along the Silk Road flourished or diminished according to the conditions in China, Byzantium, Persia, and other countries along the way. The Silk Road network is generally thought of as stretching from an eastern station at the old Chinese capital city of Chang'an to westward stations at Byzantium (Constantinople), Antioch, Damascus, and other Middle Eastern cities. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Clyde, Paul H., Beers, Burton F. But beyond those end points, other trade networks distributed Silk Road goods throughout the Mediterranean world and Europe, on one end, and throughout eastern Asia on the other end. (1971) The Far East: A History of the Western Impact and the Eastern Response. During this period, foreign invasion, transcontinental trade, and missionary ambition opened the region to an unprecedented wealth of foreign cultural influences. Nomads, merchants, emissaries and missionaries flooded into China, bringing new customs, providing exotic wares, and generating new religious beliefs. 220) and the establishment of the Tang dynasty (618-906) mark a division in the history of China. The Silk Road (Retrieved November 10, 2004) from Silk Road.Freight trains now carry goods from Yiwu across Central Asia to Tehran, Prague, Madrid, and London.Workers harvest cotton in Turkestan, in southern Kazakhstan.There was also competition for alternative routes, by land and sea, to absorb long-distance 1 Eurasian trade when conditions along the Silk Road were unfavorable. For this reason, the geographical context of the Silk Road must be thought of in the broadest possible terms, including sea rout...


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