The scale of the differences varies from one health or social problem to another, but they are all between twice as common and ten times as common in more unequal societies compared to more equal ones. Although in the rich, developed countries, income inequality is related to indicators of health and social wellbeing, levels of average income (GDP per capita) are not. Reducing inequality is the most important step these countries can take to increase population well-being.Tags: Essay About Why English Is Important In EducationAn Argument Essay Attempts ToEssays On Nike ShoesResearch Proposal Question ExampleHealth HomeworkEssays On Gloria AnzalduaPsychological Happiness EssaySocial Science Thesis
In addition to its impact on health and social outcomes, greater equality is also linked to economic progress and stability.
Poverty reduction, and hence development, is compromised by income inequality and, of course, consumerism is a major threat to sustainability. The price of inequality: How today’s divided society endangers our future: WW Norton & Company, 2012.35. Falling behind: how rising inequality harms the middle class.
This should be in addition to disaggregated indicators and targets in every other goal to ensure equitable progress across different social groups towards agreed development objectives. Income inequality and population health: Correlation and causality. Evidence from Italy and top industrialised countries. Kondo N, Sembajwe G, Kawachi I, van Dam RM, Subramanian SV, Yamagata Z. Further examination of the cross-country association between income inequality and population health. National infant mortality rates in relation to gross national product and distribution of income. Correlates of National HIV Seroprevalence: An Ecologic Analysis of 122 Developing Countries. Confronting AIDS: Evidence from the Developing World. Income inequality, trust and homicide in 33 countries. Kawachi I, Kennedy BP, Lochner K, Prothrow-Stith D.
An inequality target could be based on Palma’s ratio of the income share of the top 10% of a population to the bottom 40%. The problems of relative deprivation: Why some societies do better than others. Income inequality, mortality, and self rated health: meta-analysis of multilevel studies. Brussels and Washington, DC: European Commission and World Bank 1998.16. Income inequality, trust, and population health in 33 countries.
Stronger community life in more equal societies also means that people are more willing to act for the common good – they recycle more, spend more on foreign aid, score higher on the Global Peace Index . The Future of Global Poverty in a Multi-Speed World: Mimeo, 2013.33. Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin? Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007.36.
Income differences can be reduced via redistribution through taxes and benefits, or by reducing differences in pre-tax incomes.
Social inequality goes hand in hand with social stratification.
Social inequality is characterized by the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society.
Alliance for Sustainability and Prosperity (ASAP) Equality Trust The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone.
Heterogeneous Tails, and the End of the ‘Inverted‐U’: It’s All About the Share of the Rich.