In Durkheim’s words suicide is thus described as “all cases of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim himself, which he knows will produce this result” [Durkheim, 19].A positive performance would be to discharge or to suspend an act.This paper will thus attempt to provide a more in depth analysis of why people commit suicide by looking primarily at the sociological factors and in particular in relation to Durkheim’s work.
Durkheim’s collected data suggested that Protestants are more likely to commit suicide than Catholics, due to the fact that Protestants are more idiosyncratic while Catholics are more communitarian (Durkheim, 1951).
In other words, Catholics tend to have more social support.
Depression, physical or sexual abuse, horrible disappointments, severe financial loss, mental or emotional disorders, all trigger feelings of emptiness and hopelessness and are just some of the few psychological factors which may influence an individual’s final and distorted decision of committing suicide as a means to put an end to these insufferable emotions.
The foregoing, however, is just a superficial analysis touching merely upon the surface of the deep-seated source of suicide.
He sees the main problem to be that sociology is mostly constructed on philosophical overviews, and does not answer the exact social questions.
He suggests a methodology that will give the science of sociology strong baselines and real results.
Durkheim studied suicide vis a vis the relationship between individuals and society affirmed that suicide is a social phenomenon as well as establishing that there are no societies in which suicide does not occur.
He asserted that what most people regard as an individual act is, in reality, the result of the social world. In addition to the stark differentiation made between positive and negative acts of suicide, Durkheim’s research concluded that the institution of marriage protects against suicide making the observation that suicide rates are higher among people that have lost their spouse and those who are divorced.
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