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The mechanical system can be broken down as far as particles, which would serve as the basic unit of the system.According to Parsons, the basic unit of the action system is the unit act.Religion played a large role in Talcott Parsons' upbringing, and he was later called "the last Puritan" by his student, Jesse R. Parsons' father also served as president of a small college in Ohio, and so there was also an academic emphasis early in Parsons' life.
Talcott Parsons was born on December 13, 1902, in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
His father was a Congregational minister, active in the social reform movement "Social Gospel," a Protestant Christian movement advocating the belief that the Second Coming could not occur until man rid himself of all social evils, and sought to do so.
The first of the necessary properties, according to Parsons, is that there must be an actor.
This actor must be motivated by some force to achieve a particular goal, which serves as the second necessary property of unit acts.
He graduated from Amherst College with majors in biology and philosophy.
Parsons first became interested in sociology under Amherst professor Walter Hamilton, although he was not originally exposed to the traditional Chicago or European schools of sociology.
Colorado Springs, Colo., educated at Amherst College (B. Parsons was also interested in medical sociology and the professions in general.
He is known for his attempt to construct a single theoretical framework within which general and specific characteristics of societies could be systematically classified; it is known as structural-functional theory.
In 1949 he served as president of the American Sociological Society.
Parsons died in Munich, Germany, of heart failure, in 1979.