For example, when asked the question ‘what reasons do we have to identify with the state to which we belong?
Conceptually, the sources of solidarity have either derived from ideas of ethnicity or from ideas of civic unity (section 2).
The stories we tell are often either about common origins, or common social traditions.
The rise of ethnic nationalism and of imperialist racialism led to the sidelining in the more established nation-states of the republican traditions associated with civic nationalism.
A nation-state, so the story goes, is one where all the people in the state are bound together by ties of national solidarity.
The questions provoked by attempts to redeem civic nationalism concern the coherence and practicality of civic solidarity.
Is it possible to have a strong solidarity that does not descend either into chaos or into ethnic cruelty?
Very many people have killed and died in the name of the nation, and states have disintegrated into bitterness and conflict as a result. Much of the thinking described in this chapter prizes a solidarity that is strong yet socially inclusive.
In section 1 the issue of solidarity will be explained.
This chapter is about national ties and how they are supposed to act as a glue that holds the state together in the eyes of its citizens.
A nation-state is one where all the people in the state are bound together by ties of national solidarity.