Linking words and phrases are used between clauses within a sentence, between sentences and between paragraphs.
The following lists provide common words and phrases used in academic writing.
Transitions are connecting links that function within paragraphs, between paragraphs, and between whole sections of an essay.
Within a single paragraph, transitions, such as single words or short phrases, help the reader anticipate what will come next.
The transition may signal an additional or similar piece of information, or it may prepare the reader for a change or exception to previously stated information.
For example: Mary Cassatt, one of the few female Impressionist painters, lived in France although she was of American descent.
Linking words and phrases are used to connect sentences and paragraphs signalling logical relationships between ideas in the text.
By using these signalling devices, the effectiveness of the text is increased.
The lists are by no means exhaustive nor is the purpose to present rules.
They are, however, a guide that will help in developing your writing skills, give clear logic, smooth transitions, coherency and resist repetition.