In 1611, John Donne had to leave for a Europe trip, leaving behind his pregnant wife (Brackett).
In Donne's time people still believe the Earth is the center of the universe, and other planets move around it (Brackett).
Although men wonder about the nature of these movements of the universe, and blame "harms and fear" (9) on those planets, the truth is the nature is "innocent" (12).
This parting forbids mourning, as the couple has such dedicated meaning; Donne praised his love to be above of those common people.
If they publicly display their grief, he feels it would taint the love he shares with his wife by being no better than the love of ordinary people.
"A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning" ends with one of Donne's most famous metaphysical conceits, in which he argues for the lovers' closeness by comparing their two souls to the feet of a drawing compass—a simile that would not typically occur to a poet writing about his love!
John Donne's "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning" is an amazing love poem with beautiful figurative language, a farewell to Donne's wife before their long partition.
The writer uses several methods of figure of speech, among which are the donatives of vocabulary of the poem.
The word "valediction" in the title is the act of bidding farewell, mourning is grieving or crying for a loss, "laity" in line 8 refers to common, ordinary people, "sublunary" (line 13) refers to being below the moon and "elemented" (16) is being the component of something. He posed for this painting/engraving in his later years and then kept the print by his bedside for the rest of his life, contemplating on the transience of life. Licensed under Public domain" data-lightbox="media-gallery-1567794929"These denotations play an important role in the poem to mask the meaning of the word, forcing its audience to pay close attention to every detail.
As the memory remains, they will still be there with their beloved ones.
Therefore they die without fear, facing death with peace and courage. They have no fear of separation like those decent men have no fear for death.