Both the Oregon Historical Society and the Holland Library at Washington State University have medals that Lewis and Clark gave to Indian chiefs they met.
For many years, scholars believed the Newfoundlan's name was Scannon, until 1984, when Donald Jackson (one of the pre-eminent Lewis and Clark historians) noticed a stream in one of Clark's maps clearly designated as "Seaman's Creek." He went back to the original journals, studied the handwriting, and determined that what previous editors had believed was "Scannon" was instead "Seaman." (As a name for a Newfoundland, Seaman also makes more sense than the inexplicable Scannon.) Seaman is not mentioned in the journals after July 15, 1806, on the return trip, when Lewis was at the Great Falls and notes that his dog was being plagued by mosquitoes.
So, from the written record, we can't say for sure what happened to him. Because it is inconceivable that the dog's death, disappearance, or abandonment would have gone unremarked in the journals of Lewis, Clark, or any of the other men.
(Many of them are answered in our companion book, , published by Knopf and available in most bookstores, online at shop PBS or by ordering through PBS at 1-800-424-7963.
And others can be found in some of the many scholarly books about the expedition, listed in our book's bibliography and reprinted at the end of this message.) Question: What happened to Sacagawea's children?
I'm unaware of any information about the fate of Sacagawea's daughter, Lisette.
More information about Baptiste (and Sacagawea and Toussaint Charbonneau) is available from a pamphlet published by the Fort Clatsop Historical Association, "A Charbonneau Family Portrait," by Irving W. (Fort Clatsop National Memorial -- 503-861-2471 -- sells it in their bookstore.) Anderson's pamphlet also examines the two competing theories about the time and place of Sacagawea's death.It is a national group dedicated to keeping the story of Lewis and Clark alive and to stimulating public interest in expedition's journey and the trail they followed.They have local chapters along the route; meet as a national group every summer at a different spot on the trail (1998 in Great Falls, Montana); and publish a magazine several times a year called We Proceeded On .In 1866, at age 61, he learned of gold discoveries in Montana and set off with a wagon train for the gold fields, but caught pneumonia along the way and died on May 16 in southeastern Oregon.A historical marker near the town of Danner marks the spot.Jean Baptiste Charbonneau -- "Little Pomp" to William Clark -- was educated in St.Louis under Clark's supervision and later became a traveling companion to a German prince, who took him to Europe for five years, where he learned several languages.This is the place, with its eerie sandstone formations, that Lewis wrote his famous line about "scenes of visionary enchantment." More information about that part of the Lewis & Clark trail is available from Travel Montana, 1-800-847-4868 (1-800-VISIT-MT) or online, at Some additional Clark journals are at the Missouri Historical Society in St. But in many instances, the explorers relied on the skills of George Drouillard, who knew sign language -- a rudimentary way of communicating through gestures, practiced between the many different western tribes who rarely spoke the same language.Question: Are there still any of the peace medallions?Question: What part of the modern trail is the most unchanged? Moulton is completing a multi-volume edition of the complete journals for the University of Nebraska Press -- 11 volumes published so far, with one or two more left and about to come out. Question: How did Lewis & Clark communicate with Indian tribes? During the first year, they often had interpreters (usually French-Canadians) who also spoke the Indians' language -- for instance with the Otos, the Yankton Sioux, the Arikara, the Mandan and Hidatsa.Without a doubt, the most unchanged section of the entire Lewis and Clark route is White Cliffs section of the Missouri River in north-central Montana -- a stretch of the river, now protected by Congress, that is only accessible by boat (usually canoe). John Ordway) are at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia. Charles Floyd's brief journal is at the State Historical Society of Wisconsin; and Private Joseph Whitehouse's is at the Newberry Library at the University of Chicago. Patrick Gass published an edited version of his journals shortly after the expedition's return, which can be found in many libraries, but his original, handwritten journals have not been located. Sacagawea was obviously crucial in the translating chain with her own people, the Shoshones.