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On the other hand, if a paragraph is very short (only one or two sentences, perhaps), you may need to develop its controlling idea more thoroughly, or combine it with another paragraph.A number of other techniques that you can use to establish coherence in paragraphs are described below. Particularly in paragraphs in which you define or identify an important idea or theory, be consistent in how you refer to it.For example, you might be able to omit a topic sentence in a paragraph that narrates a series of events, if a paragraph continues developing an idea that you introduced (with a topic sentence) in the previous paragraph, or if all the sentences and details in a paragraph clearly refer—perhaps indirectly—to a main point.
A paragraph is a series of sentences that are organized and coherent, and are all related to a single topic.
Almost every piece of writing you do that is longer than a few sentences should be organized into paragraphs.
Regardless of the kind of information they contain, all paragraphs share certain characteristics.
One of the most important of these is a topic sentence.
Along with the smooth flow of sentences, a paragraph’s coherence may also be related to its length.
If you have written a very long paragraph, one that fills a double-spaced typed page, for example, you should check it carefully to see if it should start a new paragraph where the original paragraph wanders from its controlling idea.In some cases, however, it’s more effective to place another sentence before the topic sentence—for example, a sentence linking the current paragraph to the previous one, or one providing background information.Although most paragraphs should have a topic sentence, there are a few situations when a paragraph might not need a topic sentence.Body: follows the introduction; discusses the controlling idea, using facts, arguments, analysis, examples, and other information.Conclusion: the final section; summarizes the connections between the information discussed in the body of the paragraph and the paragraph’s controlling idea.This consistency and repetition will bind the paragraph together and help your reader understand your definition or description. Parallel structures are created by constructing two or more phrases or sentences that have the same grammatical structure and use the same parts of speech.By creating parallel structures you make your sentences clearer and easier to read.Most paragraphs in an essay have a three-part structure—introduction, body, and conclusion.You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information.SCIENTISTS HAVE LEARNED TO SUPPLEMENT THE SENSE OF SIGHT IN NUMEROUS WAYS.In front of the tiny pupil of the eye they put, on Mount Palomar, a great monocle 200 inches in diameter, and with it see 2000 times farther into the depths of space.