Writing A Rationale For A Research Paper

Holmes (1985) traces the earliest efforts to observe and learn from foreign education systems to Plato’s reference to Sparta in . reveal that on 19 academic tests American students were never first or second, and in comparison with other industrialized nations, were Nonetheless, by 1990, the president and the governors acknowledged the importance of international perspectives in formulating domestic education policy when they defined national education goals for the nation.He dates the beginning of comparative education as a systematic study to the early 19th century. interest in international education studies has waxed and waned over the decades, but it grew particularly keen after the National Commission on Excellence in Education issued its report, The data cited in that report seized the interest of policy makers, who had little previous knowledge of or interest in comparative international education statistics but who subsequently evolved into strong proponents of comparative research at both state and cross-national lev- For example, “International comparisons of student achievement . The United States was challenged to be first in the world in mathematics and science achievement by the turn of the century, and to ensure that every adult “will be literate and will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in a global economy” (Rothman, 2002).

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It assesses how far students have acquired some of the knowledge and skills that the study considers essential for full participation in society. to the persistence of an inwardly focused approach to education studies in the United States. Fundamentally, international comparative studies contribute to basic education research by documenting the existence of a much broader array of educational practices and outcomes than is available in the United States alone.

The Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002 places strong emphasis on using rigorous scientific methods to study education (U. International studies, however, can do much more than this.

The lack both of interpretive international comparative education studies and of secondary analysis focused on issues of primary concern to the public and policy makers, however, certainly contributes PISA is being conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Directorate for Education. Department of Education’s Office of Educational Research and Improvement by creating the Institute of Education Sciences, which includes three centers: the National Center for Education Research, the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, and the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), one of the main U. funders of international comparative education research. This is an important moment to examine the nature of international comparative education research and to reaffirm its critical contribution to a well-rounded program of domestic education research in the United States.

It is a triennial survey of the knowledge and skills of 15-year-olds in the principal industrialized countries. The purpose of this report—which is directed to federal sponsors of international comparative education research, domestic and international researchers, private foundations, and state and district officials who are eager to improve their part of the U. education system—is to lay out the rationale for such research; describe its scope, purpose, and potential impact; and make recommendations regarding future directions.

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The increasing scrutiny of earlier studies has revealed their limitations and the consequent need for improvement in the planning, execution, and dissemination of international comparative research….

Chapter 3 draws on some recent studies to illustrate different ways that international comparative studies have—or, in some cases, have not—made an impact on the U. It continues by addressing the pressing need for more public access to the findings of all types of international comparative studies and the consequent need for an array of studies addressing a wide range of questions that call for many different research methodologies. education system has benefited immensely from ideas borrowed and adapted from education systems in other countries.

Chapter 5 examines the implications of recommendations from earlier chapters for supporting infrastructure, both fi- Although many features of international data collection in educational research have changed over the past decade, at least one has not: research that provides comparative information across nations continues to expand understanding of education as a social and economic institution and provide rich sources of ideas about how nations can strengthen teaching and student achievement. These ideas range from methods for early childhood education (France, Germany, and Italy), a model for the structure of higher education (Germany), and goals for mass urban education (England), to the Suzuki method of teaching music (Japan).

Previously, large-scale cross-national education surveys were initiated sporadically, every few years; however, between 19, data collection for at least one and as many as three surveys was scheduled annually. The infrastructure for conducting large-scale international studies that has developed over the past decade, which plays an important role in ensuring the quality of large-scale international education surveys, has become institutionalized, and the desire to keep this infrastructure engaged has played a role in decisions to support new and more frequent studies.

Indeed, there is an increasing concern that international assessments are now conducted more frequently than reforms can produce change in the U. education system, which may discourage ongoing, longer term reform efforts.

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