This may be, for example, an historical event, the implementation of a policy, a medical condition or a natural disaster.
These essays may be structured in one of two ways: either the causes(s) of a situation may be discussed first followed by the effect(s), or the effect(s) could come first with the discussion working back to outline the cause(s).
Essays are used as assessment at University to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of a topic.
They are also useful tools to promote thinking and learning.
The expository essay can also be used to give a personal response to a world event, political debate, football game, work of art and so on. You want to get and, of course, keep your reader’s attention. This is the type of essay where you try to convince the reader to adopt your position on an issue or point of view.
Here your rationale, your argument, is most important. This is the type of essay where you prove that your opinion, theory or hypothesis about an issue is correct or more truthful than those of others.
Sometimes with cause and effect essays you are required to give an assessment of the overall effects e.g. Space must be allocated for this assessment in your structure.
This is a writer’s explanation of a short theme, idea or issue.
Before you start, it is important to understand what type of essay you are required to write.
The language of the question, especially the directive (task) words, will indicate the type of essay and suggest an appropriate structure to follow in your essay.