More information on directive words is contained in the QUT cite|write booklet (PDF, 726KB). The most logical way to approach a multi-part assignment is to address each part of the task in the order that it is stated on the assignment task sheet.
The first sentence of each section of the assignment should be a direct response to each part of the task. Examples of this include questions which ask you to discuss, analyse, investigate, explore or review.
In an analytical structure you are required to break the topic into its different components and discuss these in separate paragraphs or sections, demonstrating balance where possible.
Examples of this type of essay include questions which ask you to take a position on a topic, such as a particular decision or policy, and present arguments which support your position.
In this structure the similarities and/or differences between two or more items, for example, theories or models, are discussed paragraph by paragraph.
Your assignment task may require you to make a recommendation about the suitability of the items you are comparing.An effective way to argue a point can be to present the opposing view first then counter this view with stronger evidence.Examples of this type of essay include assignments where you are given data such as a case study or scenario, a diagram, graphical information, or a picture and expected to interpret this information to demonstrate your application of knowledge when answering the task.The thesis clearly states what you hope to express in the essay.Follow that with a sentence to introduce your body paragraphs.This may be, for example, an historical event, the implementation of a policy, a medical condition or a natural disaster.These essays may be structured in one of two ways: either the causes(s) of a situation may be discussed first followed by the effect(s), or the effect(s) could come first with the discussion working back to outline the cause(s).Essays are used as assessment at University to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of a topic.They are also useful tools to promote thinking and learning.These essay questions often require you to structure your answer in several parts.An example may be to ask you to investigate a problem and explore a range of solutions.