# Writng A Research Paper

Interpret the outcomes qualitatively, explaining any major limitations in generalizing to real populations. Be as economical with words as possible, but do not compromise grammar.

Include relevant information on sampling or digitizing rates and data processing that led to the measure. We have shown the precision of our estimates of outcome statistics as 95% confidence limits (which define the likely range of the true value in the population from which we drew our sample).

The p values shown represent the probability of a more extreme absolute value than the observed value of the effect if the true value of the effect was zero or null.

If possible, report recent best competitive performances of athletes as a percent of the world record, to make it clear what of athlete the outcome of your study can be generalized to. For repeated-measures designs omit the obvious treatment variable, but include numeric and nominal variables you have analyzed as covariates. These are variables in repeated-measures designs that you have assayed to try to explain the effect of the treatment. Describe the assay for the first measure under a sub-subheading, as shown here.

Show all the above characteristics for any major subgroups of subjects (e.g., males and females, non-athletes and athletes). Use a table like this (tables for other journals have similar formats): List the measures (variables) you used and explain why you chose them, as shown below. You may wish to group some measures under one sub-subheading, such as Training, Anthropometric, or Environmental Measures.

Cite key references, but do not write an extensive review of literature; instead, direct the reader to a recent review.

Omit or change the subheadings as necessary for a paper in another journal.

Use the first paragraph or two of the Background to explain what is known generally in the area of your study.

Paste figures and tables into the document after the paragraph where you first refer to them (other journals: tables and figures go at the end of the manuscript). Bring together the outcomes and any technicalities in a statement that addresses this question about the generalizability of your findings to the population of subjects from which you drew your sample.

When choosing a topic, search for something that meets the following criteria: ü Is the topic interesting to me? The outline should serve as a road map for your journey with your thesis as your navigator – it tells you where to go.

## Comments Writng A Research Paper

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